Vlad III Dracula (Drăculea, Drăgulea)– the 15th-century Romanian prince, also known as Vlad Țepeș [the Impaler], is one of the most fascinating personalities of medieval history, competing in notoriety with the greatest historical personalities of the world. And his name is so linked to that of his home country, Romania.
As visible as he is as a historical figure so his image is distorted, being currently the subject of the contemporary debate of two opposing perspectives regarding the same mythological figure: a great sovereign or an absolute tyrant. The authors of this essay aim to answer some questions emerging from this debate, looking at the historical facts and artifacts attributed to Vlad III Dracula (Tepeş) – which are more or less known to the wider public - placing the famous protagonist in the correct historical moment of the early Renaissance and interpreting the entire context from the present time perspective of a global and interdependent world. Thus, piecing together, the complex and vibrant picture of this period of the Renaissance, we can see it more accurately as a cluster of cultural strategies and techniques within an extremely turbulent political milieu.
Alina Dedal is a freelance editor and graduate of the MA in Cultural Astronomy, University of Wales TSD (2018); Daniel Ioniță is a history graduate of the University of Bucharest, editor-documentalist, and since 2006 a European Clerk within the European Commission in Luxembourg and Brussels.